Civil conflicts resolution is the most encouraging aspect of how to ensure that Afghanistan can become a much more peaceful country for generations of people to live in. There has been a strange lack of enthusiasm regarding the political climate locally there, and its concerning as to how there can be so less interest in the country’s recent elections. After an initial stalemate, the elections went ahead and resulted in a victory for Ashraf Ghani, the Independent winner.
It is important to lessen the pressing need for a military response to a political conflict and more required to heighten the talks, the discussions, the fruitful negotiations that deal with the situation here. There are many newly emerging political icons, such as Rula Ghani, the new incoming ‘First Lady’, who can really push ahead the political agenda further in Afghanistan. The situation is a complex one here because despite a good majority, Ghani chose to form a coalition government with one of his main rivals, the former foreign minister, Abdullah Abdullah, one that has decided to put the country’s security and national interests at heart over party politics.
This is certainly heartening because the creeping political uncertainty that is prevalent in the Middle East at the moment, doesn’t seem to have made an impact on Afghanistan much post the election. It is the first peaceful democratic transition of power, a significant attainment, that has been regarded from most of the West, whether the US or Europe, and even their bordering nations as crucial movement towards a much more stable country. How the senior posts are chosen, what promises the government can keep or include in the future, will shape the politics of this country but before that there is a transparency issue here which is at stake.
After an overwhelming win for Ghani, that triggered a mass opposition to the results, gave way to a second election, there hasn’t been any transparency over the new sets of results. The figures are largely unknown, and it was because of Abdullah’s desire to avoid violence, which is why it is so because of an agreement that comes before the second-round of elections. The agreement includes bysections of upholding peace and stability at all costs, over political conflict, as well as benefits of a political post for Abdullah. Although, the US and its allies are pleased with the progress in peace and talks over financial security from NATO right up until 2017, perhaps a better suggestion would be to sort out the differences inbetween political parties and ensure greater transparency and a more coherent political structure.
The lack of funds is most definitely a pressing problem, more so than the security issues, and businesses pre-election were not doing very well. Revenues have been sliding, economic growth is subsiding, violence from the Taliban on numerous provincial capitals, on Kabul, did not help the Karzai era at all, and the newly elected President has to deal with all of that. All of the parties have a duty to come forward to the round table of discussions, so-to-speak, and talk about the numerous political, geo-strategic or economic plans they have for the country, as a party. It is certainly not an easy task but if we set our differences aside, there is a lot that can be accomplished.
In Afghan politics, warring parties have a tendency to oppose extremism with strength and with unity, which is a good idea but it does not speak about democracy much when you are quashing party political interests. For example, Ghani wants the ministry to be an important political figure, and Abdullah wants to create a parliamentary government. This is simply two sides of the same political coin: both of them want more localised power. The best suggestion would be to uphold national sovereignty in Afghanistan as an independent state, one where personal political interests reflect the country national interests and produces some much needed economic prosperity.